One stop service for steel industry

The form of surface damage of hot roll


The roll is a production tool that plastically deforms the metal. It is subject to complex stress states during production, and the roll is prone to failure, spalling, fracture, and roll surface damage. Among the failure forms of rolls, there are many types of roll surface damage, and it is also a common failure form, including roll surface cracks, indentations, oxide film peeling, slag inclusion, steel sticking, abnormal wear and so on.

  1. Cracks on the roll surface

Cracks are divided into normal cracks and abnormal cracks. Normal cracks are also called thermal cracks. The roll surface is gradually broken due to thermal stress generated by multiple temperature cycles. It is a micro-surface layer phenomenon that occurs on the roll surface. Normal cracks are thermal shock cracks caused by accidents such as slipping, sticking, sticking, stacking, tail flicking, etc. during the rolling process, and locally formed cracks with a certain depth and ductility on the surface of the roll surface.

  1. Indentation

Mainly refers to the intrusion of foreign matter such as iron oxide scale due to cleaning reasons during the production process, resulting in continuous or discontinuous distribution of irregular-shaped pits on the roll surface.

  1. The oxide film falls off

At the beginning of rolling, after a period of hot roll, a thin oxide film of silver-gray or light blue is formed on the surface of the roll, which is very important to protect the roll surface and improve the surface quality of the rolled piece. Due to the repeated action of the rolling force , causing the oxide film to produce micro-cracks around the carbide; when the cooling capacity of the roll is insufficient, it is difficult to form a dense oxide film on the roll surface, and even if the oxide film is formed, it will deteriorate quickly. If the rolling is unreasonable, the oxide film is quickly destroyed during the formation process, which will cause the oxide film to fall off, leaving defects such as meteor spots on the roll surface, resulting in increased roll surface roughness and increased wear.

  1. Steel sticking, abnormal wear, etc.

Due to abnormal rolling, the roll surface and the rolling piece are stuck together, and steel sticking occurs; the unreasonable process parameters during rolling cause excessive consumption of rolls of the same width and kilometers, resulting in uneven wear of the roll surface.


In production, we should start from standardized operation and equipment maintenance to avoid the occurrence of roller surface damage in the above aspects.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_btn title=”About LMM GROUP” link=”|target:_blank”][vc_column_text css=”.vc_custom_1649296177864{margin-top: 50px !important;}”]friendship Link:

LMM Totai Refractory, LMM Mill ROLLS, LMM CCM, LMM Mechanical Equipment, Intelligent industry, STEEL Metallurgy Industry[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]


As professional one-stop solution provider, LIAONING MINERAL & METALLURGY GROUP CO., LTD(LMM GROUP) Established in 2007, and focus on engineering research & design, production & delivery, technology transfer, installation & commissioning, construction & building, operation & management for iron, steel & metallurgical industries globally. 

Our product  have been supplied to world’s top steel manufacturer Arcelormittal, TATA Steel, EZZ steel etc. We do OEM for Concast and Danieli for a long time.

LMM Main product series

Core technology products:

  • magnesia carbon brick
  • slide gate plate
  • graphite electrode

Core technology products:

  • Hss roller
  • cast steel rolls
  • tungten carbide ring roller

Core technology products:

  • copper mould tube
  • copper mould plate
  • assembly & cooling jackts

Need For Some Help ?

Professional engineers provide solutions and technical drawings


86(411) 84174804


Special product design, please send specific data and drawings to our mailbox or form.

Get A Free Consultation
And Estimate